If you were one of the unlucky few Kindle owners that had a copy of George Orwell’s 1984 in 2009, you probably know exactly how little ownership you have over your files. Further, you probably know exactly how intangible eBooks can be. What’s a reader to do? Make back-up files of course. For digital media artist Jesse England, the backup file happened to be a paper copy made with a photocopier.

In most instances, I think new electronic media is wonderful. For all their disadvantages, streaming and on-demand media has enabled young or amateur content creators to compete with established publishers unlike ever before. Older or out-of-print works can be newly disseminated with little overhead. I do not fear electronic media; I fear an invisible hand ever at the ready to pull back what I have already purchased for my self.


Depending on your file type and device, printing an eBook file can be fairly easy – just be sure not to sell it because that is most definitely illegal.